BOXING:

It is a compat sport in which two people engage in a contest of strength,speed,reflex-es, endurance, and will by throwing punches with gloved hands against each other. The birth hour of boxing as a sport may be its acceptence by the ancient Greeks as an Olympic game as early as 687 BC. The modern Olympic movement revived interest in amateur sport, and amateur boxing became an Olympic sport in 1908. In their current form, Olympic and other amateur bouts are typically limited to three or four rounds, scoring is computed by points based on the number of clean blows landed, regardless of impact, and fighters wear protective headgear, redusing the number of injuries, knockdowns, and knockout. Professional boxing remains by far the most popular form of the sport globaly, though amateur boxing is dominent in Cuba and some former soviet republics. Amateur boxing may be found at the collegiate level, at the Olympic games and Commonwealth games, and in many other venues sanctioned by amateur boxing associations. Amateur boxing has a point scoring system that measures the number of clean blowes landed rather than physical damage. Competitors wear protective headgear and gloves with a white strip across the knuckle. A belt worn over torso represents the lower limit of punches-any boxer repeatedly landing low blows below the belt is disqualified.

WRESTLING:

The french developed the modern Greco-Roman style which was finalized by the 19th century and by then, wrestling was featured in many fairs and festivals. Since 1921, the International Federation of Associated Wrestling Style (FILA) has regulated amateur wrestling as an athletic discipline. In 1904, freestyle wrestling was first introduced during st. Louis Games. It was only during fourth Olympic Games held in London in 1908 that that competitions were organized for both styles.

JUDO:

Judo meaning "gentle way" is a modern martial art, combat and Olympicsport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano. Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objecive is to either throw or takedown an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke. Stikes and the thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defenses are a part of judo. The worldwide spread of judo has led to the development of a number of offshoots such as Sambo and Brazilian jiu-jitsu.

•Judo does not involve kicking, punching, or striking techniques of any kind.
•Judo does not involve the applicaton of pressure against the joints to thow an opponent.
•Judo involves no equipment or weapons of any sort.

TAEKWONDO:

It is a Korian martial art. it combines combat and self-defense techniques with sport and exercise. It has been an Olympic event since 2000. The name Taekwondo was coind by Choi Hong Hi who is claimed to be founder and creator of Taekwondo by the International Taekwondo Federation. There are two main branches of Taekwondo devolopment. Traditional Taekwondo typically refers to the martial art as it was established in the 1950s and 1960s in the South Korean military, and in various civilian organisatios, including schools and universities. Sport Taekwondo has devoloped in the decades since the 1950s and many have a somewhat different focus, especially in terms of its emphasis on speed and competition. Taekwondo is known for its emphasis on high kicjing and fast hand techniques, which distinguishes it from martial arts such as Karate or southern styles of Kung fu. Taekwondo as a martial art is popular with people of both genders and of many ages.

WUSHU:

It is both an exhibition and a full-contact sport derived from traditional Chinese matial art. In contemporary times, Wushu has become an international sport through the International Wushu Federation, which holds the World Wushu Championships every two yeares; the first World Championships were held in 1991 in Beijing. Modern Wushu competitors are increasingly training in aerial techniques such as 540-,720-, and even 900-degree jumps and kicks to add more difficulty and style to their forms.

KICKBOXING:

It is a group of martial arts and stand-up combat sports based on kicking and punching, historically developed from Karate, Muay Thai and Western Boxing. Kickboxing is practiced for self-defense, general fitness, or as a contact sport. Japanese Kickboxing originates in the early 1970s. Japanese Kickboxing developed in to K-1 in 1993. Since the 1990s Kickboxing has contributed to the emergence of mixed martial arts via further hybridization with ground fighting techniques from Jujutsu and Folk wrestling.

MUAY THAI:

It is a combat sport from muay martial arts of Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinchingtechniques. This physical and mental discipline which includes combat on foot is knows as "the art of eight limbs" because it is characterized by the combined use of fists, elbows and knees, shins and feet, being associated with a good physical preparation that makes a full-contact fight very efficient. Muay Thai became popular in the 16th century whereof the first commercial Muay Thai gym outside Thailand was founded in 1978 in Curitiba, Brazil, nevertheless became widespread internationally only in the 20th century, when practitioners defeated notable practitioners of other martial arts. A professional league is governed by the World Muay Thai Council . Training regimens include many staples of combat sport conditioning such as running, shadowboxing, jumping, body weight resistance exercises, medicine ball exercises, abdominal exercises, and in some cases weight training.

KARATE:

It is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands in what is now Okinawa, Japan. Karate is a striking art using punching, kicking, knee strikes, elbow strikes and open hand techniques such as knife-hands, spear-hands, and palm-heel strikes. Karate was developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom. It was brought to the Japanese mainland in the early 20th century during a time of cultural exchanges between the Japanese and the Ryukyuans. The martial arts movies of the 1960s and 1970s served to greatly increase the popularity of martial arts around the world, and in English the word Karate began to be used in a generic way to refer to all striking-based Oriental martial arts.

KOBUDO:

Okinavan kobudo systems were shaped by indigenous Okinawan techniques that arose with in the aji, or noble class, and by imported methods from China and Southeast Asia. The mejority of Okinawan kobudo traditions that survived the difficult times during and following World War 2 were preserved and handed down by Taira Shinken (Ryukyu Kobudo Hozon Shinkokai), Chohi Kishaba(Ryuku Bujustsu Kenkyu Doyukai), and kenwa Mabuni (Shito-ryu). Practical systems were developed by Toshihiro Oshiro and Motokatsu Inoue in conjunction with these masters. Other noted masters who have Okinawan kobudo kata named after them include Chotoku Kyan, Shigeru Nakamura, Kanga Sakukawa, and Shinko Matayoshi.

YOGA:

It is the physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India with a view to attain a state of permanent peace. Indian monks, beginning with Swami Vivekananda, brought yoga to the West in the late 19th century. In the 1980s, yoga became popular as a system of physical exercise acrose the Western world. There has been an emergence of studies investigating yoga as a complementary intervention for cancer patients to decrease depression, insomnia, pain, and fatigue and increase anxiety control. Maindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) programmes include Yoga as a mind-body technique to reduce stress. A study found that after seven weaks the group treated with yoga reported significantly less mood distrubance and reduced stress compared to the control group. Another study found that MBSR had showed positive effects on sleep anxiety, quality of life, and spiritual growth in cancer patients.

KURASH:

The first official All-USSR kurash championship took place in Kazan in 1928 and was followed by the first TASSR (Tatar Autonomous soviet socialist republic) national championship in 1949. Since 1956, regular Tatar Kurash competitions havebeen organised in honor of the national hero and poet Musa Calil.

MIXED MARTIAL ARTS (MMA):

It is a contact combat sport that allows the use of both striking and grappling techniques, both standing and on ground, from a variety of other compat sports. The roots of modern mixed martial arts canbe traced back to the ancient Olympics. Variuos mixed style contests took place throughout Europe, Japan and the Pacific Rim during the early 1900s. The combat sport of vale tudo that had developed in Brazil from the 1920s was brought to the United State by the Gracie family in 1993 with the founding of the Utimate Fighting Championship (UFC).

KUNG FU:

Kung fu is a Chinese term refering to any study, learning, or practice that requires patients, energy, and tume to complete. The Oxford Engish Dictionary defines the term "Kung-fu" as "a primarily unarmed Chinese martial art resembling Karate. "

•Kung Fu training is an exelent Way to improve and boost your health and overall fitness.
•Unlike any other form of exercise activity, Martial arts offer the added benefit of self defence.
•Increased Self confidence and self esteem, improved concentration and focus, stress reduction and relaxation, motivation and positive attitude towards life and mentally weariness are some very benefits that can be gained through the practice of Hung Gar Kung Fu. It is a contact combat sport that allows the use of both striking and grappling techniques, both standing and on ground, from a variety of other compat sports. The roots of modern mixed martial arts canbe traced back to the ancient Olympics. Variuos mixed style contests took place throughout Europe, Japan and the Pacific Rim during the early 1900s. The combat sport of vale tudo that had developed in Brazil from the 1920s was brought to the United State by the Gracie family in 1993 with the founding of the Utimate Fighting Championship (UFC).